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Obama’s National Security Strategy: advance copy Juni 27, 2010

U.S. President Barack Obama's new strategy identifies "homegrown" terrorism as a top priority.

U.S. President Barack Obama’s new strategy identifies “homegrown” terrorism as a top priority.

May 27, 2010

Here’s a copy of Obama’s National Security Strategy.

It describes a strategy for dealing with “the world as it is,” and for shaping “the world we seek.”

“At the dawn of the 21st century, the United States of America faces a broad and complex array of challenges to our national security,” the 52-page document opens. “Just as America helped to determine the course of the 20th century, we must now build the sources of American strength and influence, and shape an international order capable of overcoming the challenges of the 21st century.”

More from the overview:

To succeed, we must face the world as it is. The two decades since the end of the Cold War have been marked by both the promise and perils of change. The circle of peaceful democracies has expanded; the specter of nuclear war has lifted; major powers are at peace; the global economy has grown; commerce has stitched the fate of nations together; and more individuals can determine their own destiny. Yet these advances have been accompanied by persistent problems. Wars over ideology have given way to wars over religious, ethnic, and tribal identity; nuclear dangers have proliferated; inequality and economic instability have intensified; damage to our environment, food insecurity, and dangers to public health are increasingly shared; and the same tools that empower individuals to build enable them to destroy.

The dark side of this globalized world came to the forefront for the American people on September 11, 2001. The immediate threat demonstrated by the deadliest attacks ever launched upon American soil demanded strong and durable approaches to defend our homeland. In the years since, we have launched a war against al-Qa’ida and its affiliates, decided to fight a war in Iraq, and confronted a sweeping economic crisis. More broadly, though, we have wrestled with how to advance American interests in a world that has changed—a world in which the international architecture of the 20th century is buckling under the weight of new threats, the global economy has accelerated the competition facing our people and businesses, and the universal aspiration for freedom and dignity contends with new obstacles.

Our country possesses the attributes that have supported our leadership for decades—sturdy alliances, an unmatched military, the world’s largest economy, a strong and evolving democracy, and a dynamic citizenry. Going forward, there should be no doubt: the United States of America will continue to underwrite global security—through our commitments to allies, partners, and institutions; our focus on defeating al-Qa’ida and its affiliates in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and around the globe; and our determination to deter aggression and prevent the proliferation of the world’s most dangerous weapons. As we do,we must recognize that no one nation—no matter how powerful—can meet global challenges alone.

As we did after World War II, America must prepare for the future, while forging cooperative approaches among nations that can yield results. Our national security strategy is, therefore, focused on renewing American leadership so that we can more effectively advance our interests in the 21st century. We will do so by building upon the sources of our strength at home, while shaping an international order that can meet the challenges of our time. This strategy recognizes the fundamental connection between our national security, our national competitiveness, resilience, and moral example. And it reaffirms America’s commitment to pursue our interests through an international system in which all nations have certain rights and responsibilities. …


One Response to “Obama’s National Security Strategy: advance copy”

  1. iramerdeka Says:

    The President’s highest priority is to keep the American people safe. He is committed to ensuring the United States is true to our values and ideals while also protecting the American people. The President is committed to securing the homeland against 21st century threats by preventing terrorist attacks and other threats against our homeland, preparing and planning for emergencies, and investing in strong response and recovery capabilities. We will help ensure that the Federal Government works with states and local governments, and the private sector as close partners in a national approach to prevention, mitigation, and response.
    There is a need for a New initiative addressing the Global Development and political stability. The US President’s National Security Strategy is essentially a report to Congress. However, there is greater need to work-together by Congress and the Administration to make necessary changes to strengthen US policy towards global development, stronger diplomatic efforts and help establish good governance in third world countries. Many third world countries problems are not alone resource constraints but political instability, corruption and mismanagement. Nevertheless, if US could help these countries to establish political stability, good governance, transparency of accountability and guarantee human rights then most of the problems and threats US had could be avoided.
    Power And Influence

    The new strategy distances the Obama administration from the doctrine of preemptive war, a tenet of former President George W. Bush’s defense policy, and stresses multilateral engagement and diplomacy. The shift is meant to reduce the need for the United States to strike first or apply military force unilaterally — but does not rule it out.

    “While the use of force is sometimes necessary, we will exhaust other options before war whenever we can, and carefully weigh the costs and risks of action against the costs and risks of inaction,” the document says. “When force is necessary, we will continue to do so in a way that reflects our values and strengthens our legitimacy, and we will seek broad international support, working with such institutions as NATO and the UN Security Council.”

    Opposition Republicans have alleged that in deemphasizing military might, Obama’s security policy projects U.S. weakness.

    But Clinton said that a new “smart power” was most appropriate to meet today’s challenges.

    “We are no less powerful, but we need to apply our power in different ways,” Clinton said. “We are shifting from mostly direct exercise and application of power to a more sophisticated and difficult mix of indirect power and influence.”

    While the security strategy names dismantling Al-Qaeda as a top priority, it also abandons the “war on terror” rhetoric that characterized the Bush years.

    “We will always seek to delegitimize the use of terrorism and to isolate those who carry it out,” the document says, adding “this is not a global war against a tactic — terrorism — or a religion — Islam.” It also pledges to uphold human rights in countering extremism and rejects torture as a tool of U.S. national security.

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